Covering over 6 million hectares across 14 properties in the Northern Territory and Queensland, many of NAPCo’s pastoral properties remain largely in their natural state, 其中包括385,000公顷的专用自然保护区. The stations cover a diverse range of ecosystems and support significant populations of two nationally threatened mammals, 大兔耳袋狸和Kowari.
AWC and NAPCo have formed a historic partnership to focus on enhancing conservation programs on one of Australia's largest and oldest pastoral operations. Recognising the significant conservation values of its estate, NAPCo is committed to sustainable environmental management and protecting the flora and fauna found on its properties. This partnership extends AWC’s collaborative and pragmatic model, that sees conservation and pastoralism working side by side for the benefit of biodiversity. The success of such an arrangement has already been demonstrated at 布洛河车站 and the landmark NAPCo partnership sees AWC’s conservation model extended on an unprecedented scale.
NAPCo’s properties stretch across rolling grass plains, 古红沙丘, spinifex-dominated脊, 因洪水而被迫离开国家, grasslands laden with blue bush and native sorghum, through 国家频道 and to the fringe of Munga-Thirri (the Simpson Desert). 乔治亚河的主要水道, 伯克, 汉密尔顿, Mulligan and Diamantina Rivers carve watery pathways across the estate. One property encompasses the headwaters of the Cloncurry River and another’s homestead is on the Leichhardt River, both eventually flowing into the Gulf of Carpentaria. NAPCo properties are located in 国家频道 and 米切尔·格拉斯丘陵 bioregions that are not well represented in the Natural Reserve System.
From analysis of previous ecological surveys, historical records and publicly available fauna spatial distribution data, AWC scientists predict that NAPCo properties may support up to 760 vertebrate species – 99 mammal, 361只鸟, 260种爬行动物和40种青蛙. 其中，70种被列为濒危物种.
振奋人心地, a total of 31 of the species predicted to occur on NAPCo properties are not currently protected on AWC properties. Of the 31 species, 15 are listed as threatened, including the Plains Wanderer (Pedionomus torquatus), 南鳄龟(Elseya albagula)、科瓦里(Dasyuroides byrnei)和小小的有领德尔玛(Delma torquata).
除了, several NAPCo properties in south-west Queensland support some of the last remaining wild populations of the Bilby (Macrotis lagotis).
2020年9月, 应NAPCo的邀请, AWC ecologists undertook a preliminary ecological assessment of two of the company’s properties: Coorabulka (629,000公顷)和蒙基拉(373公顷),000 hectares) stations in south-west Queensland. The properties support a rich diversity of arid-adapted species. Field surveys involved deploying camera traps and undertaking observational surveys for a broad array of fauna. A total of 51 bird, 10 reptile, seven mammal and six frog species were recorded. Threatened Bilbies, Kowaris and Pink Cockatoos (Lophochroa leadbeateri) were detected, as well as rare or specialist species such as Black Falcons (法尔科subniger)、内陆大班(Oxyuranus microlepidotus)、艾林无耳龙(Tympanocryptis tetraporophora)及持水蛙(Cyclorana platycephala). 10种小型哺乳动物中有很多,收集了683张动物群图片, 2,291只兔耳袋狸, 139科瓦里斯和8,292长毛鼠(鼠属villosissimus). Kowaris were also spotted using Bilby burrows.
AWC’s first priority under the partnership will be to assess the extant conservation values and undertake biodiversity surveys to commence building a species inventory across NAPCo’s stations. This data will inform the delivery of large-scale conservation land management actions (including research) in tandem with NAPCo’s commercial pastoral operation and will provide an important baseline against which we can measure ecological outcomes. A biodiversity-focused land management approach also has the potential to improve pastoral productivity, sustainability and profitability by improving ecosystem processes, 比如养分循环, and the land’s overall carrying capacity.
Feral cats were detected in 21 camera trap images and during nocturnal surveys, utilising creeklines and rocky outcrops to travel and hunt. Feral cats can pose a particular threat in this region after rain, as their numbers build up after population booms of the native Long-haired Rat. In tandem with the sustainable management of livestock, a successful program will include improving ways to predict future booms of small native mammals and our ability to target the control of feral cats in this environment.
The Bilby is an iconic Australian marsupial, instantly recognisable by its long pointed snout, 长耳朵, 柔软的灰色皮毛和...
红色的苍鹰s have been confirmed at our 非常小的平原, Mornington-Marion Downs and Brooklyn sanctuaries.
AWC is developing a targeted survey program for threatened species like the Kowari on NAPCo properties in remote Queensland.